1 peter 5:10 commentary
[Note: Davids, p196.]. After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. And this is so even though for a little while they may be called on to suffer. After that ye have suffered a while — Such trials as his infinite wisdom shall see fit to appoint. In other words He is the source and provider of unlimited supplies of His gracious and powerful working on behalf of all who are His own (compare Ephesians 3:16-19). He encourages them by explaining that none of their suffering is in vain, but is meant to produce spiritual fruit as a “refining fire” for the Christian (1 Peter 1:6-7). It explains why they are seen as sojourners. By Christ Jesus.âOn the whole it seems best, with Tischendorf, to drop the name of Jesus out of the text: the title âChristâ will then stand between âthe eternal glory,â which we possess âin Himâ (not âby Christ Jesus,â as our version has it, but by virtue of our union with the Christ), and the immediate mention of suffering. The title is itself a consolation. This is especially true since it pertains to the favor of saving mankind from his sins, when strict justice would demand that he be condemned. 10-14). It is never in vain. Unless so great an object is to be frustrated, it must be that God will carry them through their sufferings, and make these the means of perfecting, stablishing, and strengthening them with a view to that glory. âthe focus is on their character. Watch our overview video on 1 Peter, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This last chapter divides itself naturally into three parts. That he called us is proof of his grace, while both the grace and the call are through the merit of Christ Jesus, and the ultimate purpose of both is, to bring all who obediently accept the call, and faithfully use the grace, unto his eternal glory. NKJV But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you. Your adversary assails you, but God has called you to His eternal glory; first for a little you must suffer, His grace will supply all your needs. Second, what to do about the devil. 1 Peter 5:10 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 5:10, NIV: "And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast." 1 Peter 4:10). The church that is at Babylon saluteth you — See the preface. 1 Peter 5:10: And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Καταρτισει, στηριξει, σθενωσει, θεμελιωσει·, Who hath called us unto his eternal glory -, themeliōsesThe allusion is to a house which is so firmly fixed on a foundation that it will not be moved by winds or floods. Yet the space of suffering will be brief. II. It occurs for example in Psalms 18:33 LXX, ‘Heestablishesmy feet like hind’s feet’, in other words gives me a sure footing (compare also Psalms 17:5; Psalms 29:9); in Psalms 40:6 LXX, ‘a body have youpreparedfor me’; in Psalms 68:9 LXX, ‘O God, you will grant to your inheritance a gracious rain, for it was weary, but yourefreshedit’; in Psalms 74:16 LXX, ‘The day is yours, and the night is yours; you haveprepared(made ready, set in place) the sun and the moon’; in Psalms 80:15 LXX, ‘restorewhat your right hand has planted’ (restore because it has been devastated); in Psalms 89:37 LXX, ‘and as the moon which isestablishedfor ever, and as the faithful witness in heaven’. To God, as it source, all grace is to be referred: He in grace completes what in grace He began. In Him the two are drawn inseparably together. God of all grace. 1. âto share in his eternal gloryâ (Mon) 2. âin Christâ-The acceptance of the calling happens âin Christâ. Will himself make you perfect. Neither Peter (2 Peter 1:16-18) nor John (John 1:14; Revelation 1:13-16) could ever forget the vision of glory that they had been privileged to see, and they wanted to pass it on to others. This assurance is introduced as a contrast with, or qualification of, what has been said of the burdens of believers. ESV And after you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you. Stablish — That nothing may overthrow your faith or hope, damp the flame of your love, or interrupt the constancy of your obedience; strengthen — That ye may conquer all your enemies, and may do, be conformed to, and suffer the will of God to the end; and settle you — As a house upon a rock. The ‘stablish’ means to plant firmly, to make fast, so that there shall be no tossing or overturning. His exhortation accords with his name (Matthew 16:18). Los ancianos deben ser pastores fieles. II. This is one of the great benedictions of the Bible. 1 Peter 5:10 “And the God of all grace, who called you to his eternal glory in Christ, after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm and steadfast.”. It may be problems stemming from your own sin or from others’ sins against you. God will make us complete (Gr. We do not deserve the many privileges we have received by faith.. indeed we deserve full punishment for our sins, and the wages of all sin is death. #4 “after you have suffered a little while, will himself restore you and make you strong, firm, and steadfast.” Whenever we are suffering we must rest assured that our suffering is meant to produce restoration, strength, and steadfastness. âestablishâ-âlit., shall ground you, shall give you a firm foundationâ (P.P. #3 “…to his eternal glory in Christ,” We belong to God because he has called us to his eternal glory in Christ. See on Hebrews 13:21. We have on our side One who is able to overcome our adversary the devil. The designation of God as the ‘God of all grace,’ the God who is so rich in grace that all grace comes from Him, adds to the strength of the assurance. Peter is writing to Christians who have been undergoing a large amount of persecution. A while - short and inconsiderable, as compared with the glory. Of all grace - (cf. And it is error, for it simply is not true. And see 2 Corinthians 3:18 to 2 Corinthians 4:6 which is preparation for it. If we remain faithful God, we will lose absolutely nothing! Assurance that God will "perfect" His work of "grace" in them, after they have under-gone the preliminary suffering. Settle; render you steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord. These four verbs describe God"s working, not after, but during the suffering. Christ is He in virtue of, and in union with, whom believers are called to glory. All blessings flow from the throne of God. 1 Peter 2:5. John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. And so He will fulfil His beautiful promise, IV. Will himself perfect you. âthe God of all graceâ-âthe giver of all graceâ (Knox); âthe giver of every spiritual blessingâ (Wms). A saying worthy of Peter. Perfect ... 'Aleph (') A B, Vulgate; Coptic versions read 'Shall Himself perfect (so that there shall be nothing defective in you), stablish, strengthen.'. Such things they must expect from the adversary, but what may they not expect from God? But Peter could also refer to the fact that the persecution would terminate at the death of Nero, and there would be a period of peace. So by His sufficiency of grace He will ‘make whole, establish and strengthen them’. Thus for to a certain limited extent we are already enjoying the inheritance of the saints in light (Colossians 1:12; Ephesians 5:8-10; John 8:12; John 12:46). Make you perfect.âStrictly these are futures, âshall (or, will) make you perfectâ &c. This verb occurs again in 1 Thessalonians 3:10, and elsewhere. Peter’s final words of his first epistle address the relationship between Satan, suffering, and the saints. Strengthen has respect to the growth of graces, especially where weakest and lowest. In the best texts, these verbs are future. Compare 1 John 3:1-3. Now Peter especially addresses the faithful; he therefore connects the efficacious power of the Spirit with the outward doctrine. 1 Peter 5:10–11 March 7, 2017. Christ Jesus. 1 Peter 5:1-14—Read the Bible online or download free. Perseverance is slightly different from the “patience” mentioned in the fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22) only in that patience or long-suffering deals with trials or hardships caused by people and perseverance deals with trials caused by things, your situation and circumstances. And ended his prayer with a doxology to God, expressive … Only God can fully achieve this mending of all shortcomings; cf.Hebrews 13:21.— , shall confirm; cf.2 Thessalonians 2:17, etc. The final stage of our own process of salvation and sanctification is also called “glorification” (Ro 8:30). But - only do you watch and resist the foe: God will perform the rest (Bengel). For as a result of that suffering they will be made all the stronger (1 Peter 1:7; 1 Peter 4:1-2). 1. (1) A call to elders. Note fourthly how this ties in with their being sojourners in 1 Peter 1:1; 1 Peter 2:13. ; when the Kingdom of Heaven was stormed the stormers needed confirmation (Acts 18:23). God wants to share heaven with all many as possible. 1 Peter 5, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work 7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you. 1 Peter 5:1-14 ===== WE come to our last study in this caring and loving letter of Peter to the Christians scattered over Asia minor, specially to Jewish Christians. The God’ grace—The fountain and giver of grace, all needed grace, and grace for every occasion. The others, which are all very similar in meaning, are heaped up after St. Peterâs manner. âThe radical notion of the verb is, therefore, adjustment---the putting of all the parts into right relation and connection.â (Vincent p. 671). When Simon and Andrew were called to leave their fishing and become fishers of men James and John were themselves also in a boat mending— —their nets (Mark 1:16-19). Christ saw his death and resurrection as his “glorification” (Jn 12:23). 8, 9), Ð½Ð°Ð´ÐµÐ¶Ð´Ñ (ÑÑ. either in time or in amount. 1 Peter 5 – For Shepherds and Sheep A. After ye have suffered a little while ... who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Jesus Christ, After that ye have suffered awhile, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you, After that ye have suffered a little while, σὺ ποτὲ ἐπιστρέψας στήρισον τοὺς ἀδελφούς σου. See App-125. To bear God’s image is to be given a will and a delegated authority to make decisions. The verbs tend to intertwine with each other. In verses 5 to 11 Peter speaks to ordinary Christians in the church. âperfectâ-âstrengthen, complete, make one what he ought to beâ (Thayer p. 336). It may also be right, by the way, to observe that when he says that we are called in Christ, first, our calling is established, because it is rightly founded; and secondly, that all respect to our worthiness and merit is excluded; for that God, by the preaching of the gospel, invites us to himself, it is altogether gratuitous; and it is still a greater grace that he efficaciously touches our hearts so as to lead us to obey his voice. The glory, indeed, into which they were called is to be theirs only after suffering. 5:10-14 In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. Heaven is their real home. Grudem notes, âand we should addâ¦that he will settleâ¦them in any rightful place from which the suffering has wrongfully removed them. God allows bad things to happen, because God sees the tremendous good that could be accomplished if we continue to trust Him. Bible Commentary Bible Verses Devotionals Faith Prayers Coloring Pages Pros and Cons, 17 Major Pros and Cons of Getting Married Young, Washing of Water by the Word Meaning and Meditation, Righteousness Exalts a Nation Meaning and Meditation, 18 Strong Prayers for a New Place to Live, Having Done All to Stand Meaning and Meditation, A Good Name Is Better than Riches Meaning and Meditation, 50 Compelling Bible Scriptures on Direction. 11), Ð²ÐµÑÐ½Ð¾ÑÑÑ (ÑÑ. Settle. What an amazing promise this is for those who resist the evil one as he attempts to devour the church through suffering and persecution (1 Pt 5:8-9). Some copies have the future tense, as though a promise is made; but the other reading is more commonly received. As believers in Christ we are loved with an everlasting love and have been drawn by God with loving-kindness and with great goodness. He has called us to experience eternal glory ultimately ( 1 Peter 1:1). 1 Peter 5:9 is practically a parenthesis; stands over against (1 Peter 5:8) as shows.— , for the promise of sustenance implied in the calling; cf.1 Thessalonians 5:23 f.; 1 Corinthians 1:8 f.— goes with ’ ; God called them in Christ and only as they are in Christ can they enter the glory; cf.2 Corinthians 5:17-19, ’ .— , after you have suffered for a little while. The first (katartizo) means to ‘make whole, restore, give a sure footing, establish, prepare in readiness, refresh’. At the same time, the Apostle, by praying God, confirms those to whom he was writing, for when he calls God the author of all grace, and reminds them that they were called to eternal glory, his purpose no doubt was, to confirm them in the conviction, that the work of their salvation, which he had begun, would be completed. The climax requires rather a verb of completing the work of grace, than founding it. Perfect implies their progress towards perfection. No suffering will last forever for the believer in Christ. katartizo, "to mend [nets]," Matthew 4:21) establish us, strengthen us for service, and give us peace in His will. But Peter assures them that they have nothing to fear from such persecution, for it is the God of all grace Who will be their strengthener and upholder. Compare. In Titus 2:12, Paul writes of the grace of God training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, that is, to deny what the self desires.Self-denial requires genuine humility in submission, or it is merely a counterfeit. 2. By the first, I understand that God will knit you together; one part with another. Compare 2 Corinthians 4:17. make you, &c The texts read "shall Himself perfect you", &c. perfect. The concept of self-denial is at the heart of Paul's teaching on submission to God: We have died with Christ and must sacrifice our lives for Him. For we have even now ‘been called out of darkness into His most marvellous light’ (1 Peter 2:9), while ‘the glories that will follow’ (1 Peter 1:11) include the triumphs of His people in the present age, as He sees the incoming of His seed and the bringing about of God’s pleasure (Isaiah 53:10). It may be the grief of watching a loved one suffer and die. The elders who are among you I exhort, I who am a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that will be revealed: Suffered a while.âThe Greek says distinctly, âa little while,â as in 1 Peter 1:6. What an amazing promise this is for those who resist the evil one as he attempts to devour the church through suffering and persecution (1 Pt 5:8-9). 1 Peter 5:10. The purpose of 1 Peter is to enable Christians to come to grips with the grace of God in suffering (1 Pe 5:12). 1 Peter 5:14, ESV: "Greet one another with the kiss of love.Peace to all of you who are in Christ." B. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Eternal Life, Eternality, Everlasting Life. 1 Peter (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament) (p. 314). 12) Ð¸ Ð»ÑÐ±Ð¾Ð²Ñ (ÑÑ. St. Peter seems, therefore, to contemplate the passing off of the persecution before the end of the world; for these verbs could hardly be so naturally used to express our education in the world to come. So great an act of grace was the pledge of further gifts of grace. Colossians 1:23, and App-146. It is indeed because we are ‘in Christ’ that we can enjoy the certainty of this promise. It appears that Peter is saying that the suffering we face on earth is some kind of deposit on judgment. John Piper @JohnPiper. Ruego a los ancianos que están entre vosotros, yo anciano también con ellos, y testigo de los padecimientos de Cristo, que soy también participante de la gloria que será revelada: 1 Peter 5, Adam Clarke Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 8. The original looks as if St. Peter meant not only âafter that ye have suffered,â but also âby the fact of your having suffered.â. See 1 Peter 2:19; 1 Peter 2:23; 1 Peter 3:14; 1 Peter 4:12; Romans 8:17; Romans 8:35; 2 Timothy 2:12. 1 Peter 5:10 After you have suffered for a little while, thea God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you. 13, 14). He makes the amazing statement in chapter four that “it is time for judgment to begin with God’s household; and if it begins with us, what will the outcome be for those who do not obey the gospel of God” (1 Pt 4:17)? New International Version (NIV) Even the most intense suffering is only for a little while (2 Corinthians 4:17; Romans 8:18). 1 Peter 5:10. But after. After that ye have suffered. ‘Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor has entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for those who love Him’ (1 Corinthians 2:9), ‘for our light affliction, which is but for a moment, works for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory’ (2 Corinthians 4:17). Furthermore God gives sufficient grace ( 2 Corinthians 12:9). 10), Ð¿Ð¾ÐºÐ»Ð¾Ð½ÐµÐ½Ð¸Ðµ (ÑÑ. But even as we rightly rejoice in that glory let us not overlook the fact that we are to enjoy some of it now. 1 Pedro 5 – Para Pastores y Ovejas A. It is never we who produce this in ourselves, but Jesus himself who builds us into what he has designed us to be. Or St. Peter may use the word ολιγον, here rendered a while, and which means a little, in respect of the degree as well as of the duration of suffering; for, compared with the joys of heaven, the sufferings of this life are light as well as momentary, 2 Corinthians 4:17. In consequence of this, 3d, May he establish you in his truth and grace, in faith, hope, love, and new obedience, that you may be steadfast and immoveable in your adherence to the doctrines, your possession of the graces and privileges, and your performance of the duties of your holy calling. No suffering will last forever for the believer in Christ. The glorious promise to Christian sufferers,1 Peter 5:10 b. Meanwhile James had already gone to experience it for himself (Acts 12:2), and Stephen also had seen it as the first martyr (Acts 7:55-56). As to the three words which follow, some copies have them in the ablative case, which may be rendered in Latin by gerunds (fulciendo, roborando, stabiliendo ) by supporting, by strengthening, by establishing. Establish; you in the hope and peace of the gospel. So it is fitting that the one into whose heart the glory of Jesus had been burned by his experience on the Mount of Transfiguration, should now be the one to make known to God’s people the promise of participation in the eternal glory that he had momentarily experienced there. He had called them in His Son (by uniting them with Him), and that with the very object of bringing them in the end to His eternal glory. Benedictions, salutations, and conclusion, Over against the fearful picture just drawn is the brighter one of, —The fountain and giver of grace, all needed grace, and grace for every occasion. 1 Peter 5:10 âAnd after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.â. App-98. 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